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Hon. Louise Arbour
Louise Arbour has served as President & CEO of the International Crisis Group since July 2009. Previously she acted as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2004 to 2008.
Ms. Arbour, a Canadian national, began her academic career in 1974. In 1977, she was nominated Associate Professor and Associate Dean at Osgoode Hall Law School of York University in Toronto, Canada. In December of 1987, she was appointed to the Supreme Court of Ontario (High Court of Justice) and in 1990 to the Court of Appeal for Ontario. In 1995, Ms. Arbour was appointed Commissioner to conduct an inquiry into the Prison for Women in Kingston, Ontario.
In 1996, she was appointed by the Security Council of the United Nations as Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. In 1999, she was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada.
Ms. Arbour graduated from College Regina Assumpta, Montreal in 1967 and completed an LL.L (with distinction) from the Faculty of Law, University of Montreal in 1970. Following the Quebec Bar Admission Course, she was called to the Quebec Bar in 1971 and the Ontario Bar in 1977. Ms. Arbour has received honorary doctorates from some thirty Universities and numerous medals and awards and is a member of many distinguished professional societies and organizations. She is also an advisor to the Belinda Stronach Foundation.
In 2008, Ms. Arbour was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and Companion of the Order of Canada. In June 2009, she became Grande Officière de l’Ordre national du Québec. In 2010, she received the Colombian Order of National Merit, Grand Cross class and was named Commander of the French Legion of Honour.
Hon. Adrienne Clarkson
Universally acknowledged to have transformed the post of Governor General, Adrienne Clarkson was born in Hong Kong in 1939 and came to Canada as a refugee with her parents William and Ethel Poy in 1942. They settled in Ottawa, where she attended public schools until graduating from Lisgar College Institute in 1956. She obtained an honours B.A. in English Literature from the University of Toronto’s Trinity College and later completed an M.A. Madame Clarkson has also had a life-long interest in the French language. She did post-graduate work at the Sorbonne in France and is fluently bilingual.
A leading figure in Canada’s cultural life, Madame Clarkson has had a rich and distinguished career in broadcasting, journalism, the arts and public service. She worked as host, writer and producer of several influential programs on CBC Television, including Take Thirty, Adrienne at Large, and The Fifth Estate from 1965 to 1987. An eminent writer, she has authored five books and contributed numerous articles to major newspapers, magazines and anthologies across Canada. She served as the first Agent-General for Ontario in Paris from 1982 to 1987, promoting Ontario’s business and cultural interests in France, Italy and Spain. She was President of McClelland and Stewart from 1987 to 1988. In 1988, she became the Executive Producer, Host and Writer for the programs Adrienne Clarkson’s Summer Festival and Adrienne Clarkson Presents. These duties kept her busy for the next 11 years. During this period, she also directed several films including Artemisia (1992), the story of one of Western Art’s greatest women painters, Artemisia Gentileschi and The Lust of His Eye: the life of James Wilson Morrice (1996), arguably one of Canada’s greatest internationally known artists of the early 20th Century.
She also served as Chairwoman to the Board of Trustees for the Museum of Civilization in Hull, Québec and as President of the Executive Board of the International Music Centre (IMZ), the international audio-visual association of music, dance, and cultural programmers based in Vienna, Austria. In 1991, she chaired the jury for the Banff Television Festival at Banff, Alberta. Her work has been recognized with dozens of awards in Canada, the United States and Europe including 26 honourary doctorates. She was also appointed as a Senior Fellow at Massey College, University of Toronto, and as an Honourary Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Trinity College, and the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. She was also honoured abroad with the Grand Cross of the Order of Pleiades from France (2001) and the Order of Friendship of the Russian Federation (2006), the only Canadian to be so honoured. She has been active on cultural juries since leaving office in 2005 including chairing the first two Man Asian Literary Prizes established in Hong Kong in 2007. She also juried the Giller Prize for Fiction in 2006 and served on the jury of the Gold Medal for Architecture given by the Royal Architectural Institute.
Adrienne Clarkson was sworn in as Canada’s 26th Governor General on 7 October 1999. Her tenure as Governor General was remarkable for the considerable attention she brought to the courage and commitment of Canada’s Armed Forces. She visited and inspired troops in Kosovo, the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan and moved and educated Canadians with her tributes to the Unknown Soldier and Canada’s war veterans. Particularly memorable was her role in comforting the nation and the families of the four soldiers killed in the tragic “friendly fire” incident in April 2002. She demonstrated her commitment to the families of Canadian soldiers by traveling to Germany to visit with the wounded and attending memorial ceremonies for soldiers killed in action. In the process, she increased our vigilance to Canada’s commitment to international peace and security.
Her passionate interest in Canada’s North and in the circumpolar nations as a whole led to a hugely successful state visit to the Russian Federation, Finland and Iceland in 2003. She then established the Governor General’s medal for the North just before leaving Rideau Hall and serves as chair of the jury choosing the annual winner who has contributed outstandingly to our understanding and development of the North.
On March 17, 2007 she became Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI), the first Canadian to be Colonel-in-Chief of a Canadian regiment. The PPCLI is garrisoned in Edmonton, Alberta and has been serving in Afghanistan. She visited the 2nd Battalion there in Kandahar in August 2008.
Adrienne Clarkson actively promoted tolerance, acceptance, belonging and public responsibility in her work as Governor General and as a broadcaster, writer, diplomat and cultural champion. National Post Columnist John Fraser remarked that Adrienne Clarkson “has the ability, unique among public officials, of making Canadians feel good about themselves and their country.” This talent was recognized by the Blood Tribe of Alberta who adopted her as an honourary chief. Madame Clarkson is proud to retain her new title “Grandmother of Many Nations.” Her official titles include membership in the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada (PC), Companion of the Order of Canada (CC), Commander of the Order of Military Merit (CMM), Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces (COM) and the Canadian Forces Decoration (CD).
Since leaving the office of Governor General, Adrienne Clarkson has founded the Institute for Canadian citizenship (ICC) and chairs it with her husband, John Ralston Saul The Institute’s purpose is to help acculturate new Canadian citizens into mainstream Canadian life through initiatives such as community citizenship ceremonies with roundtable discussions, cultural vouchers to introduce new citizens to cultural activities and museums, and a programme to increase awareness and use of our wilderness parks. Her social activism continues with her serving as patron of Pathways to Education in Regent’s Park and as Honourary Patron to Bridgepoint Heath Centre, an innovative and unique center for treatment of chronic illness, aging and urban aboriginal health.
Madame Clarkson is married to John Ralston Saul.
Ronald J. Daniels became the 14th president of The Johns Hopkins University in March 2009.
Daniels had been provost of the University of Pennsylvania since 2005. As Penn’s chief academic officer, he had broad responsibility for undergraduate and graduate education, faculty affairs, research and technology transfer, global initiatives, student life, athletics, admissions, arts and culture, and libraries. The deans of Penn’s 12 schools reported to him on academic and budget matters.
Daniels is a vigorous advocate for interdisciplinary scholarship and teaching. While at Penn, working closely with the president, 12 deans and his provostial leadership team, he launched university-wide research initiatives in public health, regenerative medicine and the neurosciences, and implemented Penn Integrates Knowledge, which recruited eminent interdisciplinary scholars to Penn to hold joint appointments in two schools.
Throughout his career, Daniels has been deeply committed to the role of universities in promoting global understanding. He expanded Penn’s global relationships, especially with the government and university of Botswana in their efforts to fight HIV and AIDS; initiated programs that draw global leaders, writers, and activists to Penn’s campus; and developed the Penn World Scholars Program, which enables some of the most outstanding applicants from the developing world to attend Penn as undergraduates.
Daniels also increased Penn’s engagement with local and national issues through such initiatives as a month-long Summer Mentorship Program, in which high school students from the Philadelphia school system work directly with Penn faculty members. He spearheaded a national research conference on Capitol Hill, focused on the policy dimensions of Hurricane Katrina, that took place within three months of the disaster and resulted in the published volume On Risk and Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina.
Daniels came to Penn from the University of Toronto, where he was dean of the Faculty of Law and James M. Tory Professor of Law. During his 10 years as dean, he doubled the size of the faculty; recruited global scholars; cut the student-faculty ratio (from 18 to 1 to 10 to 1); dramatically enlarged the endowment; increased financial aid; implemented comprehensive reforms of curricula, student services, and faculty research standards; and spearheaded initiatives to strengthen international recruitment, social engagement, and interdisciplinary programs. He initiated a program to teach law and justice at two inner-city high schools; co-founded International Lawyers and Economists Against Poverty; and founded and chaired Pro Bono Students Canada, which places more than 2,000 law students each year in community-based organizations across Canada.
While in Toronto, Daniels was an active participant in Canadian public policy formulation in such positions as chair of the Provincial Government Panel on the Future of Government, chair of the Ontario Task Force on Securities Regulation, chair of the Ontario Electricity Market Design Committee, the special advisor to the Ontario Government on Reform of Public Accounting Regulation, and member of the Toronto Stock Exchange Committee on Corporate Governance. He also served as president of the Council of Canadian Law Deans, president of the Council of Ontario Law Deans, and member of the Board of Governors of Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto.
Daniels’ research focuses on the intersections of law, economics and public policy, in such areas as corporate and securities law, social and economic regulation and the role of law and legal institutions in promoting third world development. He is an author or editor of seven books, most recently Rule of Law Reform and Development (2008), on the role of legal institutions in the economies of third world countries, and Rethinking the Welfare State (2005), an analysis of global social welfare policies, especially the effectiveness of government vouchers (both co-authored with Michael Trebilcock). He is also the author or co-author of dozens of scholarly articles.
Daniels earned an LLM from Yale University in 1988 and a JD in 1986 from the University of Toronto, where he served as co-editor-in-chief of the law review and earned several academic honors. He received a BA from the University of Toronto in 1982, with high distinction as a political science and economics major. He has been visiting professor and Coca-Cola World Fellow at Yale Law School and John M. Olin Visiting Fellow at Cornell Law School. In 2009, he was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Hon. Bill Graham
William Carvel "Bill" Graham is a former Canadian politician, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of National Defence, and Leader of the Opposition and interim Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.
Since his departure from electoral politics, Graham has been active in a number of organizations and business concerns. In 2007, he was elected Chancellor at Trinity College, University of Toronto. He is also a Senior Fellow of Massey College and Visitor at Green College. He is also Chair of the Atlantic Council of Canada, Co-Vice-Chair of the Canadian International Council, and a member of the Trilateral Commission. He is Honourary Lieutenant-Colonel of the Governor General's Horse Guards, and in 2010 received an honourary doctorate from the Royal Military College of Canada. He has been a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada since 2002. He has received various honours for his services to the French language and culture in Ontario, including appointment as Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur and Chevalier d'Ordre de la Pleiade.
Professor Yash Ghai
Yash Ghai is professor of public law at the University of Hong Kong. He comes from Kenya and was educated at Oxford and Harvard. For a while he was an advocate of the High Court of Tanzania. He has taught in a number of countries, including Tanzania, Sweden, Britain, Fiji, Hong Kong, Singapore and the US. His primary interests now are constitutions arising out of conflict, particularly ethnic conflict, as well as human rights. In most of his research he adopts the comparative approach, and tries to locate constitutions and law within a broad political and societal framework. He is also interested in political and constitutional issues of autonomy, particularly in the context of Greater China. Some of his principal writings have been published in non-legal journals.
He has combined an active engagement in advisory work during his academic career. He has been a consultant to a number of countries, including Tanzania, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Seychelles, Afghanistan, Maldives, Cambodia, and East Timor. He chaired Kenya's constitutional review from 2001-04. He is currently an advisor to the Constitution Committee of the National Assembly of Iraq. He has facilitated various consultations in Nepal, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, and has advised the Tibetan Government in Exile on autonomy regimes in China. He was also the UN Special Representative for Human Rights to Cambodia from 2006-2008.
Michael Ignatieff is a leading human rights academic who, between 2000 and 2005 was Professor of Human Rights and Director of the Carr Centre for Human Rights Policy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Between 2006 and 2011, he was Canadian Member of Parliament for Etobicoke Lakeshore, and Deputy Leader and Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. Since last year, he has been Senior Resident at Massey College, University of Toronto, and cross-appointed to the Faculty of Law and Munk School of Global Affairs.
Professor Harold Koh
Harold Hongju Koh is the Martin R. Flug '55 Professor of International Law. On June 25, 2009, the U.S. Senate confirmed Professor Koh as Legal Adviser to the United States Department of State.
He began teaching at Yale Law School in 1985 and served from 2004 until 2009 as its fifteenth Dean. From 1998 to 2001, he served as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, and previously had served on the Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on Public International Law. Before joining Yale, he practiced law at Covington and Burling from 1982-83 and at the Office of Legal Counsel at the Department of Justice from 1983-85.
Professor Koh is a leading expert on public and private international law, national security law, and human rights. He has argued before the United States Supreme Court and he has testified before the U.S. Congress more than twenty times. He has been awarded eleven honorary doctorates and three law school medals and has received more than thirty awards for his human rights work. He is recipient of the 2005 Louis B. Sohn Award from the American Bar Association International Law Section and the 2003 Wolfgang Friedmann Award from Columbia Law School for his lifetime achievements in International Law. He is author or co-author of eight books, including Transnational Litigation in United States Courts, Foundations of International Law and Politics (with O. Hathaway); Transnational Legal Problems (with H. Steiner and D. Vagts),Transnational Business Problems (with D. Vagts and W. Dodge), and The National Security Constitution, which won the American Political Science Association's award in 1991 as the best book on the American Presidency. He was also the editor of The Justice Harry A. Blackmun Oral History Project (1994-95). He has published more than 150 articles on international human rights, international business transactions, national security and foreign affairs law, international trade, international organizations, international law and political science, and procedure.
He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society, an Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, a former Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, and a member of the Council of the American Law Institute. He has held fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Century Foundation. He has sat on the Board of Overseers of Harvard University and sits on the Boards of Directors of the Brookings Institution, Human Rights First, the American Arbitration Association, and the National Democratic Institute. He has been named one of America's “45 Leading Public Sector Lawyers Under The Age of 45” by American Lawyer magazine and one of the “100 Most Influential Asian-Americans of the 1990s” by A magazine.
A Korean-American native of Boston, he holds a B.A. degree from Harvard College and B.A. and M.A. degrees from Oxford University, where he was a Marshall Scholar. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School, where he was Developments Editor of the Harvard Law Review, and served as a law clerk for Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and Judge Malcolm Richard Wilkey of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.
Hon. Roy McMurtry
The Honourable R. Roy McMurtry, OC, O.Ont, QC, is a member of the advocacy department in Gowlings' Toronto office, where he serves as counsel to the Firm.
The former Chief Justice of Ontario, High Commissioner to Great Britain and Attorney General for Ontario provides strategic counsel to Gowlings’ clients in both the public and private sectors. Roy also provides a full range of dispute resolution and mediation services and will continue his long standing tradition of public and community service.
Prior to joining Gowlings, Roy practised law as a trial counsel for 17 years before being elected to the Ontario Legislature in 1975. Upon election, he was appointed to the Cabinet of Premier William G. Davis as the Attorney General for Ontario, a position he held until 1985. As Attorney General, he oversaw an unparalleled era of law reform in Ontario, including bilingualism in the courts, multiculturalism and family law reform. He was deeply involved in the patriation of the Canadian Constitution and the creation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. During that period he also served for four years as the Solicitor General for Ontario.
In 1985, Roy was appointed Canada’s High Commissioner (Ambassador) to Great Britain, a post which he held until late 1988. In 1991 he was appointed Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court and then Chief Justice of that Court in 1994. In February 1996 he was appointed Chief Justice of Ontario, a capacity in which he served for over 11 years until May 30, 2007. More recently, Roy was appointed Chancellor of York University.
Justice Cecilia Medina
Cecelia Medina is a Chilean lawyer (University of Chile) and Doctor in Law (University of Utrecht). She teaches International Human Rights Law at the Law Faculty of the University of Chile and is the Co-Director of the Law Faculty’s Human Rights Center. She has taught in several European and North American Universities and was appointed to the Robert F. Kennedy Chair for distinguished Latin American academics at Harvard Law School (1997).
She is a former member (1995-2002) and Chairperson (1999-2001) of the United Nations Human Rights Committee and in 2003 was elected to serve as a judge on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and is now the Court’s President. She has worked as an expert and advisor to many international and national organizations, is a member of the editorial board of the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights and of the Editorial Review Board of the Human Rights Quarterly, and has published extensively in the field of International Human Rights Law.
In recognition of her work, Cecilia Medina received the 2006 Gruber Women’s Rights Prize. She has also been given the 2002 Equality Now award for lifelong commitment to Human Rights (New York), the Elena Caffarena Award (Chile), and the 2004 Prominent Women in International Law Award from the American Association of International Law. She is a Ridder of the Order Oranje Nassau, decoration of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Dr. James Orbinski
James Orbinski’s research interests focus on medicine and humanitarianism; the emerging discipline of global health; and equitable access to health care and health care technologies. Dr. Orbinski is part of a team of scholars at the University of Toronto that is developing a multidisciplinary PhD training program in Global Health.
A medical doctor with extensive field experience with Médecins Sans Frontiéres (MSF), Professor Orbinski was elected international president of the organization from 1998 to 2001, and launched its global Access to Essential Medicines Campaign in 1999. In 1999 he accepted the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to MSF for its pioneering approach to medical humanitarianism, and most especially, its commitment to witnessing. Dr. Orbinski has represented MSF in numerous humanitarian emergencies and on critical humanitarian issues in the Sudan, Kosovo and numerous other countries. He has also represented MSF at the UN Security Council, in many national parliaments, for example, the WHO, and the UNHCR. Dr. Orbinski worked as MSF’s Head of Mission in Goma, Zaire in 1996 during the refugee crisis. He was MSF’s Head of Mission in Kigali during the Rwandan genocide of 1994, and MSF’s medical co-ordinator in Jalalabad, Afghanistan in the winter of 1994. He was MSF's medical co-ordinator in Baidoa, Somalia during the civil war and famine of 1992-1993. Dr. Orbinski’s first MSF mission was in Peru in 1992.
From 2001 to 2003 he became chair of MSF's Neglected Diseases Working Group that created the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi), a global not-for-profit drug development enterprise that develops drugs and other health technologies for diseases largely neglected by profit driven research and development companies.
Orbinski received his MD degree from McMaster University in 1990, and Masters in International Relations form the University of Toronto. He has held a Medical Research Council of Canada fellowship to study paediatric HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. He has also worked as an international health consultant for the Canadian Public Health Association in Zambia, and for Street Kids International in Brazil. He has since started Dignitas International, a hybrid academic NGO focused on community based care, prevention and treatment for people living with HIV in the developing world. He was a founding board member of the Global Alliance for Tuberculosis Drug Development, (GATB) and is an advisory board member of Engineers Without Borders. He is a founding board member of the Steven Lewis Foundation, is board chair of War Child Canada, and a board member of Canadian Doctors for Medicare.
J. Robert S. Prichard is President and CEO of Metrolinx. Metrolinx is the regional transportation authority for the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area.
He is also past President and Chief Executive Officer of Torstar Corporation and President Emeritus of the University of Toronto where he previously served as dean of law and as a professor specializing in law and economics. Mr. Prichard is a director of Bank of Montreal, Onex Corporation and George Weston Ltd. He also serves as Vice-Chair of Canada’s Science, Technology and Innovation Council, Chairman of the Visiting Committee of Harvard Law School, trustee of the Hospital for Sick Children, and a director of the Toronto Community Foundation.
Mr. Prichard studied honours economics at Swarthmore College, received his MBA from the University of Chicago and earned law degrees at the University of Toronto and Yale University. He is an Officer of the Order of Canada, a Member of the Order of Ontario and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
Hon. Bob Rae
Bob Rae has been elected ten times to federal and provincial parliaments, winning every election he contested. Bob was Ontario’s 21st Premier, from 1990 to 1995. He has experience at the highest levels of government in Canada and was an active participant in some of the most the important constitutional talks of the day. Bob currently serves as the foreign affairs critic for the Liberal Party of Canada.
Bob has a B.A. and an LL.B. from the University of Toronto and was a Rhodes Scholar in 1969. He obtained a B.Phil. degree from Oxford University in 1971 and was named a Queen’s Counsel in 1984. Bob has received numerous honorary degrees and awards from Canadian and foreign universities, colleges, and organizations.
Bob was appointed to Her Majesty’s Privy Council for Canada in 1998, was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2000, and was appointed an Officer of the Order of Ontario in 2004. He has proudly served the people of Toronto Centre in Ottawa as their Member of Parliament since March 2008.
John Ralston Saul
John Ralston Saul, a long-time champion of freedom of expression, was elected President of International PEN in October 2009. An award-winning essayist and novelist, Saul has had a growing impact on political and economic thought in many countries. Declared a “prophet” by TIME magazine, he is included in the prestigious Utne Reader’s list of the world’s 100 leading thinkers and visionaries. His works have been translated into 22 languages in 30 countries.